Treaty of Paris
For most students of American history, the Treaty of Paris refers to the 1783 accord between the United States and Great Britain that ended the American Revolution. However, throughout history, there have been a total of twenty-one various documents known as the Treaty of Paris, between 1229 and 1920.
The very first Treaty of Paris, in 1229, ended the Albigensian Crusade, a political/religious war that took place inside of modern-day France. The 1259 Treaty of Paris and the 1303 Treaty were both agreements to end hostilities between England and France.
The Treaty of Paris, 1763, while also between France and England was the document that ended the Seven Years’ War, known in America as the French and Indian War. This was one of the first global wars, and saw England gain massive amounts of territory, including all of Canada, from the French.
Many of the conditions that led to the American Revolution were laid when Britain attempted to tax the colonies in order to defray the cost of the French and Indian War. Following Britain’s surrender at Yorktown, the American delegation of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay negotiated the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
The 1815 Treaty of Paris followed Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo, while the 1856 Treaty ended the Crimean War. While the accord that ended World War I was signed in Paris, it is known as the Treaty of Versailles.