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Sensory Memory

Sensory memory deals with the five senses: touch, hearings, sight, smell, and taste. Information from these senses are received by sensory receptors that processes them in the nervous system. This information is stored for a short amount of time, which places is it under the category of short-term memory. The process of sensory memory allows human beings to conserve collected sensory information even after the initial stimuli ends.

Sensory Memory

A good example of sensory memory is when a light “trails” after quickly moving a light source in the dark. An individual could test this by taking a light and quickly move it in a circular motion. If the light is twirled fast enough, it leaves a sustained image of a circle. This type if visual sensory data is called iconic memory. There are two other types of sensory memory known as echoic, and haptic memory.

In relation to other memory systems, sensory memory is not involved in higher cognitive functions that recalls or compares memory information. Sensory memory is an automatic response with a short span of time with each memory store. Genetics can play a role in the volume of a persons memory. If there is a mutation of a person’s brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or nerve growth factor, they may experience a decrease in echoic and iconic memory.

Related Research Paper Topics

Memory - Exploring the specific mechanisms that facilitate the loss of information in short- term memory, researchers have noted that both decay and interference can impact how much an individual can remember. Decay simply refers to the loss of information over time.

Cognitive Impairment - Cognition refers to the functioning of the brain. Since the brain is an organ, it is susceptible to disease and injury, which can result in cognitive impairment.

Cognitive Development - Cognitive Development research papers evaluate Piaget's child development theories and stages, specifically the preoperational stage.