Research papers on restorative justice point to one of the newest initiatives in criminal justice approaches western societies is the adoption of restorative justice approaches. Restorative justice is defined by several key principles around which community support can be built. It is a research concept based in Criminal Justice Research Papers not a specific program, but a way of thinking about responding to the problems of crime, a set of values that guides decisions on policy and practice. Defying traditional “liberal” or “conservative” labels, it is based on the redefinition of crime as an injury to the victim and the community, as opposed to an affront to the power of the state. The research paper illustrates that the primary purpose of restorative justice is to repair the harm of crime to whatever possible degree. It is a community-building response.
Restorative justice is the latest trend in criminal justice theory, which contains the seeds of a “radically different paradigm on crime and justice” than traditional deterrence approaches. Reducing recidivism is one measure of the capacity of restorative justice to address the important needs created by juvenile offences. A reduction in re-offending is one of a number of the goals of the restorative approach, assuming that holding offenders accountable to their victims would increase offender empathy and therefore lead to a reduction in offending behavior.