24 Hour Customer Service:
1-570-955-1438

Call for a quote line:
1-570-301-7456

Research Papers on the Impact of Pharmaceutical Drug Importation

This is a research paper topic suggestion on the impact of pharmaceutical drug importation. With the rising costs of Rx drugs, solutions will be examined. Custom research papers on the medical industry are Paper Masters specialty.

 

Background of the Problem of Drug Imports

AImpact of Pharmaceutical Drug Importationt the current time, the FDA prohibits the importation of prescription medications by private consumers, retailers and distributors, although the practice takes place despite the prohibitions. Pharmaceutical firms, however, are permitted to import FDA approved drugs, with the drugs presumably manufactured by the foreign operations of these firms. The FDA has adopted its position against the importation of prescription medications based on the premise that the quality of the drugs does not meet American standards for safety and effectiveness. This position does not make exceptions based on the nation of origin, and includes the re-importation of prescription medications that were originally manufactured in the Untied States and exported to another nation. Despite the prohibitions against importing drugs, the FDA does not vigorously enforce the regulations for private individuals.

Paper Masters suggests that a research paper on drug importation in the pharmaceutical industry should have the following elements:

  1. Overview:
    1. Rising costs of Rx drugs
    2. FDA's laws on drug importation
    3. Reasons for Pharma drug importation
    4. Damage caused by drug importation to the Pharma industry (possible $ losses)
  2. Drug Importation - a source of counterfeit?
  3. Republican's vs. Democrats' view on Pharmaceutical drug importation (How does the recent shift in congress perhaps change the future drug import?)
  4. Economic costs of counterfeiting
  5. Anti-counterfeiting strategies

Background of the Problem of Pharmaceutical Drug Importation

The United States has the highest global prices for prescription medications yet has a regulatory structure that prohibits the private importation of prescription medications from other nations that have lower market prices. This results in a greater financial burden for consumers of prescription medications in the United States, with the higher price having a disproportionate impact on individuals that are less affluent and have difficulty affording prescription medications. Because financial issues have an impact on the behaviors of individuals, the high price of prescription medications can have significant health consequences for a patient population. At the same time, permitting the importation of drugs from foreign sources that are beyond the regulatory jurisdiction of the United States creates safety and efficacy issues.

The issue of high prices for prescription medications has a direct impact on nursing because it influences compliance due to the financial difficulties that some patients may experience in adhering to a drug regimen. In addition, a high cost of prescription medications can result in some individuals making decisions that involve the reduction in nutrition or other types of necessities in order to afford their drug therapy. There is also evidence indicating that patients take less than the recommended dose of a high priced prescription drug to lower costs, reducing the therapeutic effectiveness of the treatment. In the most extreme cases, the patient may not be able to undertake the drug therapy at all due to financial considerations. The high price of prescription medications also has a disproportionate impact on the elderly, with evidence indicating that approximately 14% of the social security benefit is used to pay for drugs. The problem may be compounded by inappropriate drug prescribing or by prescribing from multiple sources, which can result in the patient taking more prescription medications than necessary. As a result, nursing may become involved in a determination of the overall appropriateness of the patient’s prescription drug regimen.

The importation of prescription medications from foreign sources creates safety and efficacy issues with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determining that 88% of the imported drugs do not meet FDA standards. The implication for nursing involves the quality of the drugs used by patients, with the potential that some imported drugs will not have sufficient therapeutic value. A sub-therapeutic dose can also compound compliance issues with patients. In addition, there is the possibility that some imported generic drugs may be unsafe due to variability in the actual dosage. There is also evidence provided by the FDA that some imported drugs include counterfeit substances and drugs that have been withdrawn from the American market due to safety concerns.

Related Research Paper Topics

Orphan Drug Act - Orphan Drug Act research papers examine the act passed by Congress in order to facilitate the development and production of drugs designed to treat very rare conditions.

Ephedrine - Ephedrine Research Papers look at the different uses of this drug.

Addiction to Prescription Medications - Elderly people and teenagers are most vulnerable to an Addiction to Prescription Medications.

Antidepressants research papers examine the medications used in the treatment of major depressive disorder and several other conditions.

Prozac Diary by Laura Slater Research Papers look at how to place an order for a book review with giving detailed instructions, and guidelines to follow.

Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders - Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders Research Papers delve into the co-existence of mental illness and substance abuse and their statisitcs.

Adolescent Substance Abuse - Adolescent Substance Abuse is a growing problem in today's society, and research papers on adolescent substance abuse discuss preventive interventions to change the attitude of the abusive individual.

Drug Abuse Among Youths - Drug Abuse Among Youths research papers illustrate the problems of addiction in young people in America.

Psychoactive Drugs Research Papers explore the advantages and disadvantages of psychoactive drugs.

Abortion Pill – Abortion Pill term paper discusses the controversy behind RU-486, the famous “abortion pill”.

AIDS Drug Assistance Program- AIDS Drug Assistance Program Term Paper examines the programs primary purpose and discuss the CARE Act.

Birth Control Side Effects - Birth Control Side Effects research papers discuss the various side effects in today's contraceptives.

Claritin and Clarinex – Claritin and Clarinex have been dubbed by the drug industry as a panacea for those suffering from allergies.

Fentanyl - Research papers on Fentanyl discuss the power opioid pain reliever that is approximately 100 times more potent that morphine and 50 percent more powerful that pure heroin.

LSD-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide- LSD- Lysergic Acid Diethylamide Research Paper examines a popular hallucinogenic drug in the 1960′s.

Medical Marijuana - Medical Marijuana research papers examine the medicinal use of marijuana for pain management.

Medicinal Marijuana- Medicinal Marijuana Research Paper looks at the different political views on this issue.

Stimulants in Sports – Stimulants in Sports term papers discuss the issue of drugs in professional and amateur sports.