Nonverbal Learning Disorder
A nonverbal learning disorder (NVLD), also known as a nonverbal learning disability, is a neurological disorder in which a person displays a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and the lower skills such as motor skills, visual-spatial, and social skills, as measured on an IQ test.
Nonverbal learning disorders are common in individuals diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is generally manifested by deficits in coordination, perception, problem solving, and understanding humor. Many individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome (a form of autism) display nonverbal learning disorders, and like autism, NVLD exists on a spectrum of severity.
Individuals with NVLD misunderstand non-verbal communications, and are often unable to respond correctly. Some talk rapidly and overtly, although they may be quite good at reading, grammar, and spelling. People with NVLD may have difficulty with arithmetic and mathematics, even though such children are often identified as exceptionally bright, and such perception may not provide them with the academic support needed in such areas.
Many individuals with NVLD develop anxiety and depression due to their difficulties in communication, fearing offending people and becoming isolated due to their inability to understand nonverbal communication. There is a high rate of suicide among such individuals.