Nervous System Disorders
There are two main types of nervous system disorders. These are any medical conditions that attack the nervous system, also known as neuropathy. The two types are central nervous system disease and peripheral neuropathy. Central nervous system disorders can afflict either the spinal cord or the brain, while peripheral neuropathy afflicts the nerves.
A list of central nervous system disorders includes: bipolar disorder, epilepsy, encephalitis, meningitis, migraines, Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s, ADHD, Parkinson’s, Tourette’s, and Multiple sclerosis (MS). Each of these diseases has different signs and symptoms, and treatments vary widely according to the disorder. However, there are several major causes of central nervous system disorders, including traumatic brain injury, infections, tumors, strokes, or autoimmune disorders.
The peripheral neuropathy aspect of nervous system disorders result in impaired sensation, movement, or even organ function. Many result from specific diseases, such as diabetes or leprosy, while others are the result of chemotherapy, injury, or may even result from alcoholism. Peripheral neuropathy can be either chronic or acute, and treatment options vary by symptoms. Many common treatments involve tricyclic antidepressants, which have demonstrated efficacy in treating symptoms. Topical ointments, such as capsaicin, have also demonstrated effectiveness in treating this form of nervous system disorders.