Napoleon War Crimes
Napoleon Bonaparte is known for being one of the greatest military leaders of all time. He quickly rose to power during the French Revolution after his military success. He became emperor of France and won most of the battles and wars that he led. He built a large empire that spread over much of the Europe. Even though he was average to small in stature he had a large personality and could dominate even the strongest leaders. It is believed he may have been overly aggressive to over compensate for his height.
It is believed by some that Napoleon was guilty of using extreme actions to prevent the uprising of conquered lands. One example is his ordering of genocide in San Domingo, modern day Haiti. At the time, San Domingo was a very important colony to France and they were very proud of it. In order to remain in control of the colony, Napoleon ordered the killing of all black people over the age of twelve. Many of these black people were killed by lethal gas when sulphur dioxide was released in the hold of the ships where they were being held. Slaves that were fought back were “roasted over fires, or filled with gunpowder and blown to pieces.”
Napoleon is also credited with the defeat of Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. During this six-hour battle, Napoleon’s troops killed 19,000 of their enemies. It has also been discovered that under Napoleon’s rule, concentrations camps were established and gas was used to kill many.