Marx and Class Struggle
In Marx and class struggle research papers, Karl Marx asserts that since society is made up of a continual class struggle, there is no equality to determine morality or political choice. Marx declared that the course of history was determined by the clash of opposing forces rooted in the economic system and the ownership of property. Just as the feudal system had given way to capitalism, so in time capitalism would give way to socialism. The class struggle of the future would be between the bourgeoisie, who were the capitalist employers, and the proletariat, who were the workers. The struggle would end, according to Marx, in the socialist revolution and the attainment of full communism.
At the time in which Marx wrote the Manifesto, he saw communists not as a political party but rather as intellectual revolutionaries that were able to spark government from the outside. This is witnessed in the passage in which he notes them as “a portion of the bourgeois ideologists, who have raised themselves to the level of comprehending theoretically the historical movement as a whole”. Marx believed that these advanced bourgeois would begin a revolution in Germany that would contribute to the brewing socialist revolution in France. By looking towards France, Marx believed that Germany would follow in their footsteps, lead by the communists.
The increasingly evident industrial revolution no doubt influenced Marx greatly. Human potential took on new meaning with strength illustrated in the lower classes which supplied the labor that made the industrial revolution happen. Therefore, it would seem natural for one to assume that these men in which society had become newly dependent upon for competing in the industrial world may rise to claim power. Marx notes that "new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones."