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Juvenile Justice

In the early 19th century, Boston mayor Josiah Quincy recognized that juveniles did not need to be punished the same as adult offenders. Juvenile JusticeThis was the genesis of the separation of juvenile justice as a distinct entity within the justice system. In the modern American justice system, juvenile court oversees the majority of offenses committed by those under the age of 18, although 44 states trial juveniles as adults for serious offenses, such as murder or gang-activity.

Juvenile courts were established in the early years of the 20h century, aimed at treating, rather than punishing juvenile offenders. At the time, the leading theories of juvenile justice were that their parents had failed such children. This was the Progressive Era, when ideas such as juvenile justice, along with child labor laws, defined childhood as a separate period of life. Juvenile hearings, which were frequently closed to the public, focused on the history of the offender, rather than the offense itself. Many judges personally tailored juvenile justice sentences to the child, rather than impose blanket sentences, such as life in prison.

America’s juvenile justice system became a model throughout the rest of the world. In 1967, the Supreme Court ruled that juveniles deserved the same due process as adults. However, with a rise in juvenile crime in the 1980s, the juvenile justice system perverted, often funneling young offenders into the adult criminal justice system.

Related Research Paper Topics

Juvenile Crime - Research papers on juvenile crime will be able to illustrate that the juvenile justice system in the United States is deeply flawed.

Youth Crime - Youth Crime Research Papers go into the model for juvenile justice system.

Plea Bargaining for Juvenile Delinquents - Plea Bargaining for Juvenile Delinquents Research Papers look at what plea bargaining has to offer for juveniles in trouble.

Juvenile Delinquency - Criminal justice research papers on juvenile delinquency often look at the causes of juvenile delinquency in society.

Juvenile Prison Systems - Juvenile Prison Systems in the United States research papers examine the criminal systems problems, bad press, and lawsuits.

Youth Justice System - The Youth Justice System keeps minors separated from adult criminals to allow minors to learn from their mistakes and not to be labeled criminals for the rest of their lives.

Juveniles Tried as Adults - With the Zeitgeist of our times, however, it would seem that the American criminal justice system as it applies to juveniles might be right back where it started.

Re-entry from Prison - Reentry From Prison from prison is a problem within the criminal justice system, as recidivism rates are unacceptably high in a society that attempts to “assist offenders” with a liberal parole policy in many overcrowded prisons.

Family Group Conferencing - Paper Masters writes research on Family Group Conferencing and the sociological basis of this type of therapy.

Conduct Disorder - Conduct Disorder research papers examine the psychological disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of antisocial behaviors.

Juvenile Recidivism - Juvenile Recidivism is the term for children under eighteen-years-old who habitually commit crimes.

James Whitey Bulger - So began a criminal career of stealing, larceny, forgery, assault and battery, and armed robbery for which he served five years in juvenile detention.

Kids Who Kill - Kids Who Kill Research Papers look at a study by Charles Patrick Ewing about different cases of juvenile homicide.

Drug Abuse Among Youths - According to Hunter Hearst, the former director of the National Center for Juvenile Justice, “Drug use used to be a decision of adolescence.

Alternatives for Death Penalty for Mentally Challenged - Juvenile Crime research papers will be able to illustrate that the juvenile justice system in the United States is deeply flawed.