John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was an English philosopher and political economist, one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th century and a major proponent of utilitarianism, first developed by Jeremy Bentham.
Mill was born in London, the son of Scottish philosopher James Mill, who educated his son under the advice of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham and James Mill were attempting to use utilitarian philosophy to raise a genius. Thus, J.S. Mill learned Greek at age three, and algebra and Latin at eight. At the age of 12, John Stuart Mill began studying logic and Aristotle. The following year he began reading Adam Smith. However, he had a nervous breakdown at the age of 20. He eventually earned a degree from the University College, London. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on John Stuart Mill that follows your guidelines.
Mill and Liberty
In 1851, he married Harriet Taylor, who helped reinforce his position on women’s rights. Mill acknowledged her influence on his classic work On Liberty. From 1865 to 1868, he was Lord Rector at the University of St. Andrews and a Liberal Member of Parliament for Westminster. In 1866, he became the first person in English history to call for women to be given the right to vote in Parliament.
On Liberty, his most famous work, declares that an individual should be free to do as he wishes as long as he is not harming others. Mill was also a passionate defender of the freedom of speech. His best-known works are:
- On Liberty
- Question of Population
- On Nature
- A System of Logic