John Locke and the French Revolution
John Locke’s theories had a profound impact on French thinkers and the revolution. Have the writers at Paper Masters explicate the French Revolution in light of John Locke's influence. Learn about the French Revolution in a history or philosophy paper that ties Locke into this historical time-frame. Below are some facts about Locke's ideas on government and revolution.
- Locke believed that a government’s primary goals should be to foster moral responsibility
- Protect individuals within that government
- Civil society is an artificial condition that is enforced by the laws of man
- Locke’s views were aimed toward modern democracies and were meant to clarify the relationships between man and state
- Locke believed that government should be selected by and follow the will of the majority, which was a fundamental assertion of the Revolution
In Two Treaties on Government, Locke argued that the state resulted from a voluntary agreement between individuals who established a sovereign power to protect them from the insecure conditions that accompanied the state of nature that existed without prior to a government and laws. However, Locke insists that there must be limits to political authority, which the French monarchy did not have. Locke contended that the aim of a supreme power is to preserve the state and improve the quality of life for individuals in that society, and the authority of the government must be limited by the will of the people. Contrary to the practice of a monarchy, Locke asserted that the majority of the people are responsible for the nomination and appointment of that government, rather than a divine succession based on bloodlines. This means that the individuals in a society may appoint new leaders if they are unhappy with their government’s actions, as in the case of the French population in 1789. Locke’s concept of limited sovereignty is fundamental to a democratic society, it is the basis of majority rule in which the majority of citizens elects the leaders of the sovereign nation.