James McKeen Cattell
James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) was an American psychologist who studied under Wilhelm Wundt, and was the first professor of psychology in the United States. Born and raised in Pennsylvania, Cattell pursued graduate studies in Germany at the University of Gottingen and the University of Leipzig, where he worked with Wundt.
With Wundt, Cattell became the first American to publish a dissertation in the growing field of psychology. Like Freud’s use of cocaine, Cattell experimented with hashish in order to explore the depths of his mind. In 1886, he became a lecturer at Cambridge University in England, before returning to the United States. In 1891, he became the Department Head of Psychology, Anthropology and Philosophy at Columbia University and became President of the American Psychological Association in 1895. Paper Masters can compose a custom written research paper on James McKeen Cattell that follows your guidelines.
Cattell was fired from Columbia in 1917 for opposing the United States’ entry into World War I. He later founded The Psychological Corporation. Much of work lay in founding or acquiring journals. He founded Psychological Review in 1894, bought the journal Science and later bought Popular Science Monthly, which became Popular Science. In sum, Cattell owned:
- The Psychological Corporation
- Psychological Review
- Science (the journal)
- Popular Science Monthly (Later known as Popular Science)
Cattell also introduced the term “mental tests” for the ways in which he attempted to measure mental processes, developed during his tenure at the University of Pennsylvania. Cattell also supported eugenics, the use of science to advance human potential.