Ivan the Terrible Research Papers
Russian history research papers can overview any part of Russian or Soviet history that you need overviewed. As an example, below is research done on Ivan IV and his place in history. Have our writers help you learn about the highlights of Russian history during the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
Ivan IV, also called Ivan the Terrible, was the Grand Prince of Russia in the 16th century from the years 1533-1584. During his long reign as Russia’s premiere leader, he transformed Russia from a feudal state to an empire. His success in this transition of government and in the expansion of the Russian political control of neighboring lands resulted in his becoming the first czar in 1547. Ivan the Terrible increased the power and position of Russia politically and militarily in the international arena by defeating those that got in his way and creating trade and political partnerships with those who supported his aims. He defeated the Kazan Khanate that had regularly beaten Russian armies prior to this point and took control of the Northeast Russia. Ivan IV’s early reign was full of such successes but the later years were less so as his expansive efforts ground to a halt because of the resistance of his neighbors and enemies. Ivan IV is historically believed to have had a difficult personality. He was prone to angry rages, one of which might have led to the death of his heir, his oldest son Ivan Ivanovich. For these reasons, in Russian he was nicknamed Ivan Groznyi, which translates roughly into the English version, Ivan the Terrible.
During the first part of his tenure as czar, Ivan made a number of sweeping changes to the country.
- Instituting peaceful reforms
- Promoting modernization
- Ivan introduced Russia to he first printing press
- Created the first standing army
- Subordinated the church to the state—something that was unheard of at this time period.
Despite the success of the first half of Ivan’s rule, it was during his later years as ruler of Russia that political and social conditions began to deteriorate. After launching a westward expansion effort, Ivan found himself embroiled in battle with a number of states—most of which he could not defeat. The war lasted for 22 years and upon its completion, Ivan had destroyed the Russian economy and the military and had failed to secure any new territory.
At this point in history, Ivan looses his wife—to poisoning by the Boyars—as his own health beings to fail. Determined to make something of the crumbled Russian state, Ivan returns to Moscow to being purging the state of its most wealthy and its most poverty stricken. Ivan, in a fit of madness begins a tirade which costs 30 to 40 thousand Russian citizens their lives. Ivan kills his first-born son and beats his son’s pregnant wife until she miscarried. With only his unfit son Fyodor left after his death, Ivan is faced with the reality of leaving Russia in the hand of an idiot.
Overall, Ivan the Terrible’s impact on Russian history cannot be understated. The consequences of his reign continue to be noted in the Russian political structure, social history and ideology, and economic traditions. He transitioned Russia to a more centralized form of government that was supported by centralized local governments. This structure allowed for empiric pursuits and simultaneously supported the local culture and communities, thus engendering more loyalty and cooperation. Economically, he increased international and domestic trade for the broadening of Russia’s economic power.