Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a part of the United Nations, first established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environmental Programme. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the scientific body largely responsible for producing the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the leading international treaty dealing with climate change. In 2007, the IPCC shared the Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President Al Gore.
The aims of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change are the assessment of scientific information as it relates to human-induced climate change, the impacts of that human-induced climate change, and the available options for adaptation and mitigation of such changes. Since 1990, the IPCC has issued five comprehensive reports, all of which review the latest in climate science, the last one appeared in 2014. Rather than conduct independent research, the IPCC reviews available peer-reviewed published information and presents an overview of the latest findings.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s fifth report, published in 2014, was the result of six years of research. In it, the IPCC wanted that warming of the climate is “unequivocal” and that the increasing magnitude of global warming indicates that “severe, pervasive, and irreversible” impacts are likely in the near future.