George Orwell Biography
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George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903. “George Orwell” was his pen name. Best known for 1984 and Animal Farm, Orwell was born in India, but his mother moved back to England when Orwell was still an infant.
George Orwell's Early Years
Eventually, Orwell won a scholarship to the prestigious Eton school, where his early literary efforts were already considered exemplary. Since his family was too poor to send him to university, it was suggested that he join the Imperial Police, where he chose a posting in Burma.
Beginning in 1924, Orwell was posted to the frontier outpost at Myaungmya, where he quickly rose to the position of Assistant District Supervisor. After contacting dengue fever in 1927, he returned to England, and then resigned from the Imperial Police to become a writer. From his experiences in Burma he later wrote the novel Burmese Days (1934) and the famous essay “Shooting an Elephant” (1936).
Orwell began a period of “slumming” in the poorer sections of London and Paris, which eventually produced the novel Down and Out in Paris and London (1933). During World War II, Orwell produced the first of his famous novels, Animal Farm, an allegory about the Russian Revolution. 1984 followed in 1948, an indictment of totalitarianism. Diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1947, Orwell died on January 21, 1950, at the age of 46. He is buried at All Saints’ Church yard in Oxfordshire.
George Orwell's works include the following:
- Down and Out in Paris and London. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 9 January 1933.
- Burmese Days. First published by Harper & Brothers (New York) on 25 October 1934. First
- British edition published by Gollancz on 24 June 1935.
- A Clergyman’s Daughter. London: Gollancz, 11 March 1935.
- Keep the Aspidistra Flying. London: Gollancz, 20 April 1936.
- The Road to Wigan Pier. Left Book Club edition in late February 1937 and Gollancz edition for general public on 8 March 1937.
- Homage to Catalonia. London: Secker and Warburg, 25 April 1938.
- Coming Up for Air. London: Gollancz, 12 June 1939.
- Animal Farm. London: Secker and Warburg, 17 August 1945.
- Nineteen Eighty-Four. London: Secker and Warburg, 8 June 1949.