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Earth Sciences Research Paper Topics

Research papers on the earth sciences look at the planet earth and the science behind its environment. Paper Masters suggests research paper topics on many types of earth science projects. Below are a few suggestions for interesting earth science research.

Earth Science Topics Regarding Water

  1. Describe the paths of water through the hydrologic cycle. Earth Sciences
  2. Explain the processes and the energy gains and losses involved in the changes of water between its 3 states.
  3. Operationally, we often most concerned with water does when it reaches the solid earth, both on the surface and in the sub-surface. Explain the relationship between the following:
    1. The saturated zone
    2. The water table
    3. A ground water well and the cone of depression

Earth Science Topics Regarding the Food Chain

  1. The food chain is a valuable concept in biogeography. Give an example of a specific food chain, labeling the various levels of the food chain.
  2. After looking at characteristics of food chains, explain how a geographer’s approach to the study of organisms might be different than biologist’s study of organisms; what would each try to emphasize more than the other?
  3. What exactly is a biome? Compare/contrast the concept of the biome with that of the zoogeographic region.
  4. Compare/contrast the floral characteristics of 2 of the following biomes: Desert, Tundra, Mid latitude Grassland and Boreal Forest.

Earth Science Topics Regarding the Soil

  1. Theorize the difference in soil development in adjoining soils developed on forested, sloped area versus a grassed flat area.
  2. What are the soil-forming factors? Explain the importance of the nature of the parent material to soil formation and type. Then, cite at least 2 examples in which the influence of parent materials might be outweighed by other soil-forming factors.
  3. Explain the “struggle” between the internal and external processes in shaping the Earth’s surface.
  4. What are the different ways that the surface of the Earth is changed over time?

Earth Science Topics on the Continental Drift

  1. Describe the general sequence of events in continental drift since the time of 5 separate continents 450 million years ago.
  2. What is the difference between the older continental drift theory by Wegener and the more recent plate tectonic theory?
  3. Plate tectonics theory explains many seemingly unrelated phenomena. Explain how the patterns of volcanoes and earthquakes related to plate tectonics.
  4. Explain several pieces of evidence that combine to make the theory of plate tectonics the one that is generally accepted.

Earth Science Topics on the Pleistocene Era

  1. Provide a reason why some scientists believe the Pleistocene is over and a reason why other scientists believe we are now in an interglacial stage.
  2. Some believe, for example, that since areas of pack ice and glacial ice still exist we are still in an ice age. Others, on the other hand, seeing the rapid retreat of ice and snow pack in many areas, believes that this period of glaciations has ended. So, using some other justifications, why do we see some differences in interpretation? Is there some scientific data available that can support both sides view? If so, provide it.
  3. Why hasn’t the Pleistocene controversy been solved? What impact does this division of views have on the public policies that are enacted by state, national and international bodies?

Related Research Paper Topics


Stratovolcanoes Research Papers go into the characteristics of this type of volcano.


Hawaiian Volcanoes Research Papers study the formation and the following stages of a volcano.


Kobe Earthquake research papers explore what happened during this earthquake and describes the events in scientific terms.


Ecology is the science of the relationship between organisms and the environment.

Mountains Research Papers In Earth Science, authors acknowledge that although no two mountain ranges are alike, they can be grouped according to their dominant characteristics.


Earth in the Balance research papers analyze Al Gore's environmental book on the current environmental crisis across the globe.

Climate Change Research Papers - At its most basic level, climate change refers to any change in weather patterns that has been recorded over an extended period of time.