The Catholic Restoration
The Catholic Restoration is an important time period in the history of the Roman Catholic Church. It is the movement in the Catholic Church that followed the Protestant Reformation and therefore is often called the Counter Reformation. The Catholic Restoration, which was carried out during the 16th and 17th centuries, was deemed essential to restoring the Roman Catholic Church after its religious abuses were exposed prior to and during the Protestant Reformation. The Restoration countered the claims that the Roman Catholic Church and its leaders had strayed from the structure of the first and true through the development of and emphasis on papal supremacy.
It is important to note the while Martin Luther might have initiated the Reformation movement official, the call for reformation of the Catholic Church first came from within by religious orders who were concerned that the Church and its leaders were becoming too worldly. The initiatives made to support the Restoration included but was not confined to placing a greater emphasis on preaching and instruction in the catechism. It also included the establishment of numerous seminaries designed to ensure that church leaders were both literate in Catholicism and morally upstanding. The Restoration also placed an emphasis on proselytizing however this instrument of counterreformation actually worked to revive the abuse of power by the Church in the form of oppressive literary censorship and a new inquisition.