Bullying in Schools Research
Bullying was largely overlooked as a type of violence until recently, after reactions to bullying were associated with motives in several school shootings. That oversight has been corrected, and bullying is widely described as school violence now, with strong proscriptions against permitting or perpetrating it. Bullying creates a climate of fear, anger, timidity, depression, vengeful feelings, hatred, self-loathing, and other complicated states in emotionally developing young people, and it is a reason that students avoid attending school and class participation. Although its occurrence is not high compared to other school violence or crime, ranging from 2% to 12% of NCES respondents in 1998, the effect of watching bullying or being aware of it as a threat may have a considerable effect on non-bullied students and contribute to a toxic psychological environment in the same manner that witnessing of other forms of violence does.
While bullying occurs more or less equally in schools everywhere, school crimes vary by location. Urban students are exposed to more serious crime at school. NCES data from the 1996-1997 school year indicate that no serious violent crimes were reported by 90% of public schools that year. The portion of schools (10%) reporting a serious violent crime was composed of 17% of all urban schools, 8% of rural schools and 5% of all town schools that had reported a serious violent crime.