In 1995, the Balkan Peninsula, formerly the nation of Yugoslavia, was torn by violent conflict. More than just a military conflict between the nations of Serbia and Bosnia, the war descended into an ethnic cleansing. This genocide of Bosnian Muslims was largely carried out by Bosnian Serbs, and included incidents of rape, murder, unlawful confinement, torture, and the destruction of large areas of Bosnia.
The most heinous incident of the Bosnia genocide of the 1990s took place in Srebrenica in 1995, when more than 8000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed, with another 25,000 to 30,000 Bosnian Muslims expelled from their homes. The United Nations General Assembly, among other international agencies and various governments, condemned this action as genocide. Unfortunately, this was the only incident in a wider war that was officially labeled genocide.
In January 2013, a Sarajevo-based group concluded that there were at least 97,000 citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina killed as the result of war in the Balkans between 1992 and 1995. Many Muslims in the region contend that the Srebrenica incident was merely the most heinous in a campaign of Bosnian genocide. As of 2015, only former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic has been put on trial by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia for his role in the genocide. As of mid-2015, however, a verdict had not been reached.