Within the context of the Christian faith, the Bible is the grouping of various holy writings that make up the core tenets of the belief system. The Bible is broken into two primary segments, the Old Testament and the New Testament. The former chronicles the history of mankind, beginning with God’s creation of the world as we know it; it also includes lessons about the faith and the punishment one incurs when one turns away from God. The latter tells of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, the son of God and the physical embodiment of God on Earth, as well as the application of his teachings and a series of prophecies about the end times. The Bible was written by a variety of authors, ranging from those with firsthand knowledge of the events they describe, to those who were told the lessons from God Himself. It is also important to note that as the Bible has been translated by various groups over time, changes were made from the original source text to the modern editions read by millions of people today.
The Bible also plays an instrumental role in the Hebrew faith, though it is markedly different. The first five books of the Christian Old Testament – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy – are referred to as the Five Books of Moses and comprise the Torah. While many of the foundational figures of the Old Testament are similar in both the Christian and Judaic traditions, including the likes of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph, it is the involvement of Moses that marks the greatest differentiation between the two faiths. While Christians focus on the Ten Commandments provided to Moses by God on Mount Sinai, members of the Jewish faith contend that the 613 commandments dictated to Moses are the basis for the rule of law. Though the core principles of the Bible can be found in these two major religions, the holy books also serve as the source of the greatest divisions between them both.