Battle of Bunker Hill Research Papers
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The Battle of Bunker Hill is one of the first and most iconic battles of the American Revolution. Taking place on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston, most of the action actually took place on nearby Breed’s Hill, however the battle is named so because capturing Bunker Hill was the objective of both British and colonial forces.
In June 1775, British troops were occupying Boston. Colonial leaders learned that the British were going to attempt to move out of the city and capture the nearby hills. Colonial commander William Prescott was able to move some 1200 troops to occupy both Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill.
As soon as the British discovered the colonial troops, they moved to attack. Their first two assaults were driven back by the colonial militias, resulting in significant British casualties. However, the third British assault managed to overwhelm the colonials, especially after they ran out of ammunition. The colonials retreated to Cambridge, where they suffered heavy losses.
The battle was considered to be a Pyrrhic victory for the British, as they lost heavily, including 226 killed and over 800 wounded. The battle demonstrated that colonial militia could stand up to the British regulars. President John Quincy Adams later recalled that, as a young boy, he watched the battle from his nearby home.