Asperger’s Disorder Research Papers
Asperger's disorder research papers are custom written by Paper Masters about the medical condition.
Asperger’s disorder, also known as Asperger’s syndrome or just Asperger’s,and is part of the Autism Spectrum Disorder. Asperger’s is characterized by extreme difficulty in social interaction and nonverbal communication, as well as obsessive interest in some topics. The disorder is named after Hans Asperger, an Austrian pediatrician who first described these behaviors among children in 1944. The most recent edition of the DSM-5, eliminated Asperger’s as a separate diagnosis, and placed it on the autism spectrum.
Unlike some other forms of autism, children with Asperger’s disorder do not necessarily lack verbal communication skills, nor do they display delays in cognitive development, often making diagnosis difficult. Asperger’s is often described as a pattern of symptoms, rather than a single symptom, focused on restricted patterns of behavior. Classic hallmarks of Asperger’s are:
- Poorly developed motor skills
- Intense preoccupation with a specific, narrow subject
- One-sided verbosity (an abundance of talking)
Further, individuals with Asperger’s disorder frequently experience great difficulty with social interaction, often lacking basic empathy and being unable to read nonvisual clues in other people. Individuals may also display extreme inflexibility in the performance of routines, and immersion into obscure topics to the domination of other areas.
Asperger's Disorder and the DSM-IV
According to the DSM-IV, “Asperger's Disorder can be distinguished from Autistic Disorder by the lack of delay in language development. Asperger's Disorder is not diagnosed if criteria are met for Autistic Disorder” (DSM-IV). The ICD-10 is not even that explicit and confines the classification of Asperger to autistic disorders in general (DSM-IV).
The classification of Aspergers in both the DSM IV and the ICD-10 has not simplified how to determine any difference between diagnosing Asperger and autism. According to a comprehensive analysis on the information and research available on Aspergers completed by McLaughlin, the two classification systems vary significantly on how autism and Aspergers are manifested in both clinical excesses and deficits, a circumstance that subsequently raises doubt concerning the validity of research based on these defined clinical variables.
The diagnostic definitions presented in the DSM-IV does however show some identifiable differences between Asperger syndrome and autism. For example, the DSM-IV shows Asperger as a subcategory or PDD or pervasive developmental disorders. It demonstrates how Asperger differs from other PDDs by delineating other criteria that is not inclusive of the other disorders including the observation that Asperger syndrome is manifested through poor motor control and clumsiness and does not include mental retardation.
Although the DSM-IV demonstrates similar defining characteristics for autism such as impaired social interactions, impaired use of language and maladaptive behaviors, it also delineates how it differs from disorders like Aspergers including the incidence of seizures and mental retardation.
Asperger's Disorder Diagnosis
Individuals with Asperger disorder manifest the condition through their lack of social skills and their inability to participate appropriately in the interaction with others. This is because the individual suffering with Asperger syndrome has an entirely different perception of the world than most people do. This inconsistency or incongruency in world view makes life for people with Asperger, especially in the social realm, very difficult.
Research papers often make an important observation in that people with Asperger Syndrome are often diagnosed later than are individuals with autism because their condition generally manifests itself once the individual enters school where successful social interaction becomes an imperative. Nevertheless, in at least half of all cases, the symptoms of Asperger are incorrectly associated with typical problematic or apprehensive behavior related to school attendance and are therefore left undiagnosed.
Research offers that the clinical descriptions associated with Asperger are almost exclusively related to the exhibition of social impairment. For example, individuals with the condition may exhibit “shyness, short attention span, aggressive behavior and a lack of experience” in several other areas of socialization, all of which can be exhibited in a number of ways. The most obvious can be recognized in how verbal communication is conveyed.
While individuals with Asperger may exhibit an exceptional understanding and use of grammar and pronunciation, language is largely used to convey specific meanings and words that carry several meanings are often ignored. The diagnostic criterion are clear examples of the verbal limitations associated with Asperger including repetition of words or language patterns, lack of consistency in conversation and odd or abnormal speech inflections.
Asperger is also manifested in nonverbal communication. For example, individuals’ will the condition will often have difficulty incorporating physical gestures or establishing an understandable body language during social interaction. They may also appear unskilled in the attempt to present physical presence of communication, they may exhibit few or improper facial expressions, are unable to interpret the expressions of others and in the case where expression by the Asperger sufferer is completely absent, they may offer only a rigid gaze that does not include eye-to-eye contact.Individuals with Asperger generally confine themselves to interests that allow for solitary activity and often exhibit recognizably rigid behaviors that include demanding order, following rules, maintaining routines and the requiring the completion of tasks. Although these behaviors can be beneficial in most cases, the individual with Asperger applies them with compulsion and or obsession. Like autism, individuals with Asperger will also often exhibit extreme sensitivity to certain visual, sensorial or audio stimuli. This sensitivity is similarly manifested by extreme or amplified physical responses.