Anthropology majors study ancient civilizations and are often required to write research papers on these individual civilizations or societies as a collective. Paper Masters can provide custom research papers on ancient civilizations or any aspect of anthropology that is needed.
As human beings emerged out of the Stone Age, the agricultural revolution allowed for more permanent settlements. Around the globe, especially in fertile river valleys, various ancient civilizations arose. Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China and Mesoamerica all had significant civilizations between 10,000 and 3,000 BCE.
About 12,000 BCE, human beings in the Levant (modern day Israel and Jordan) began farming and establishing permanent settlements. The Nile River Valley in Egypt and the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (modern-day Iraq) witnessed the rise of some of the first civilizations on Earth. At the same time, the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley and various areas around the Yellow River in China also began the process of state formation.
Numerous empires, rose and fell in the ancient Middle East. These include:
On the island of Crete during the Bronze Age, the Minoan Civilization exerted significant influence throughout the Mediterranean in the Bronze Age, until it was supplanted by the Mycenaean Greek civilization, the beginning of “classical” Greece.
Several ancient civilizations existed in the Americas before the arrival of Europeans, including the following in Mesoamerica:
- The Olmec
In Peru, there existed the Caral and Incan empires.