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Alfred Adler and Individual Psychology

Individual psychology refers to the scientific method employed by Austrian psychiatrist Alfred Adler, who broke away from Freud’s influence and stressed a more holistic approach to the human character. Adler’s work was first presented in English in 1925, a collection of lectures and essays designed to cover the unified human personality.

Whereas Freud stressed one’s psychological makeup from libido and sex drive, Adler preferred to see societal influence. Adler believed that the individual needed to confront three forces:

  • Societal
  • Love
  • Vocational

Adler also maintained that the individual was the best determinant of his or her own needs.

Adler’s Individual Psychology

Adler’s individual psychology states that external factors determine personality and that the individual is formed in response through three ways. alfred adler and individual psychologyIn each case, the individual feels inferior to those around him or her.

  1. The first is compensation, when a person suffers some disadvantage and attempts to overcome the disadvantage, becoming successful.
  2. Most people, however, give in to their disadvantages through resignation and become reconciled to their situation.
  3. Third is over-compensation, when the individual becomes obsessive about their disadvantages that they become neurotic.

Adler’s development of individual psychology introduced the term “inferiority complex” into the English language.

Related Research Paper Topics

Sigmund Freud Research Papers examine the philosophies of psychoanalytic therapy.

Adler and Psychology - Alfred Adler (1870-1937) was a close associate of Freud’s until his split, becoming an adversary whose theory was the antithesis of Freud’s.

Adlerian Therapy - In Adlerian Therapy, a psychologist helps assist a patient in developing a self-understanding by using respectful, non-confrontational dialog that corrects the faulty assumptions, beliefs, and attitudes of the patient.