Poverty seems to be a natural condition at least in some areas of the world. It is unlikely that it can be eliminated everywhere. Some economic or social theorists believe that poverty is necessary either because no economic system can be perfectly just or because certain individuals are unable or unwilling to support themselves. There are two main conditions causing poverty. One is an area that is poor in natural resources, such as areas of North Africa. Poverty is widespread because there are no resources to develop the society. The other condition is where individuals take most of the wealth of a country for themselves either by force or by corruption. The Congo is an example of this political condition making for widespread poverty in a society.
There is some good news regarding poverty levels in America. As of the year 2000, poverty rates are at their lowest level since 1980. However, that is balanced by the fact that one-sixth of all children in America live in poverty – an increase over the past 20 years. The reason for the increase in child poverty is a function of their living in single-parent households or nuclear families where welfare checks and food stamps have dried up over the years under welfare reform. There is some good news for children in single-parent or other poor American families: their parents are now eligible for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) that will help thousands of American families move above the poverty level in household income.