Demonstrative Teaching Method
The demonstrative teaching method relies on one key element in order to provide instruction: modeling. In this style of education, the teacher demonstrates a given task or procedure; this can be anything from a math problem to a dance routine to a cooking style. There are two ways this demonstration can be done. First, the instructor can demonstrate the task with no narration, annotation, or questioning on behalf of students; this would strictly allow them to watch the task carried out from start to finish. This strategy can be most effective when dealing with clear, concise, process-based tasks, such as a cooking style or physical action. Secondly, the instructor can provide a demonstration while students observe and listen to an explanation; if it is relevant, they can even take notes to supplement what is being displayed. Questions should be encouraged throughout this process, allowing students to more fully understand what is taking place before their eyes. This can be most effective in more abstract demonstrations, such as the completion of a math problem.
Both methods have their benefits and drawbacks. Benefits of the demonstrative method of teaching include:
- Children that are highly visual learners excel
- Results can be verified immediately at completion of demonstration
- Pace of learning can be monitored to maximize understanding
- Teaching is more interactive and engaging with this method
In the first, students have the potential for becoming confused more easily, particularly if this method is applied to an inappropriate task or demonstration. In the second, the very nature of questions from other students can cause confusion for others. The first, however, allows students to see the entire process from start to finish, holding their questions and concerns until after it is completed; this delay, though, can cause some to forget questions or become distracted easily. No matter which aspect of the demonstrative instructional method that is used, students will ultimately have to practice the task on their own, using materials clearly provided by the instructor and mimicking the instructor’s actions to complete the task themselves. While this method is applicable to an array of subject areas and content elements, the manner in which the information is presented is an essential consideration from the very start.